Gender as a Group Process: Implications for the Persistence of Inequality
Ridgeway, C. L. (2007). Gender as a Group Process: Implications for the Persistence of Inequality. In S. J. Correll (Ed.), Social Psychology of Gender (Vol. 24, pp. 311–333). Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Gender is at core a group process because people use it as a primary frame for coordinating behavior in interpersonal relations. The everyday use of sex/gender as cultural tool for organizing social relations spreads gendered meanings beyond sex and reproduction to all spheres of social life that are carried out through social relationships and constitutes gender as a distinct and obdurate system of inequality. Through gender's role in organizing social relations, gender inequality is rewritten into new economic and social arrangements as they emerge, contributing to the persistence of that inequality in modified form in the face of potentially leveling economic and political changes in contemporary society.