Measuring Gender Diversity in Research Teams: Methodological Foundations of the Gender Diversity Index.
A core objective of the GEDII project is to provide empirical evidence on the potential link between gender diversity within teams and research performance/innovation. The present report describes the methodological foundations of the Gender Diversity Index which is a composite indicator that is applicable at team level and provides a summary measure of the outcome of gendered processes. A composite indicator is obtained when individual indicators are compiled in a single measure on the basis of a multi-dimensional concept. For the Gender Diversity Index, this means aggregating several team level gender diversity measures into a coherent conceptual and statistical whole.