Gender-specific patterns in patenting and publishing, Fraunhofer ISI Discussion Papers

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Measuring the output of men and women in  science and technology has previously  been mostly restricted to case studies or small-scale surveys. Based on an analysis of  patent and publication databases, this paper applies a methodology to systematically  assign the gender to the names of inventors and authors. The method is applied to 14  countries. The results of this investigation reveal substantial differences across coun- tries in terms of women's relative contribution 1  to science and technology, with the cen- tral European countries of Germany, Austria and Switzerland all ranking comparatively  low in this respect. We also examine trends over time, showing that the data on  women's share of publications – unlike the results for patents – hardly increase over  time for the already better-performing nations. 

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