Innovation policy makers often discuss the functioning of innovation systems in terms of ecosystems. Innovation ecosystems can be constructed around any subject matter. In this recent article we chose the topic of gender, which we examined as a component of innovation success. Most analyses of innovation systems tend to assume gender-neutral position with regard to identity and roles of participating actors and their activities.
The equal participation of women and men in contemporary science and research is not just an issue in terms of social justice but also in terms of taking advantage of the available talent and improving the relevance and quality of science, technology and innovation. Despite the advances made, gender equality in terms of career choices, paths and outcomes continues to be a challenge for the science community. Highest grade professorships continue to be predominately (up to 80%) held by men (see latest She Figures).